Tirumala Tirupati Devasthanam; the religious destination in India that attracts people from all over the world sees lakhs of worshippers every year. As per the Puranas, Lord Vishnu transcended from Vaikunta to earth on this holy ground over 17 million years ago.
Lord Venkateshwara, as he is called, Tirumala is his sacred abode. The great temple is located on the Tirumala hill among the great Seven Hills, which go by names Shri Seshadri, Gurunadri, Venkatadri, Narayanadri, Vrishabadri and Anjanadri. Popularly referred to as “Yedu Kondala Vaadu” (one who belongs to the seven hills), Lord Balaji has millions of followers, who turn up for his astound Darshan year after year.
The Lord is bestowed with everyday prayers in the form of the famous Suprabhatam, Thomaala Seva, Archana, PraathahaKaala Nivedhana and Evening Aradhanas.
Going by the ancient texts, Lord’s description and the possibility of taking an Avatar was predicted during the 1st Century. Similarly, history also cites the information pertaining to Lord Vishnu re-incarnating as Balaji in various notes of Rigveda and Yajurveda.
Nearly 2000 years ago, the temple of Tirumala has been built by emperor Thondamaan. Years after, a Vykaasana Brahmin named Gopinadh who used to live in those premises had a dream. In the dream, a Yaadava Bhakta appeared who stated that there is a holy deity hidden underground at Tirumala. Both the devotees embarked on a journey to the sacred hill and excavated the deity.
Kings and rulers hailing from various dynasties like Pallavas, Cholas, Vijayanagaram etc. have been active crusaders, building, developing and enriching the temple over decades.
Every ritual and Puja undertaken at Tirumala complies with the Vykaasana Aaagama Shastra. The descendants of both the devotees above continue to serve and protect Lord’s Devasthaanam, a practice coming down from the generations. Dr. A V RamanaDeekshithulu, the present head priest of Tirumala temple is also a direct descendant of Vykaasana Vamsham (Family).
Daily Activities at TTD Temple
Sahasra Naama Archana
Kalyanam (Wedding of the Lord)
Weekly Activities at TTD Temple
Monday – Vishesha Puja
Tuesday – Ashta Dala PaadaPadmaraadhana
Wednesday – Sahasra Kalashabhishekam
Thursday – Thiruppaavada
Friday – Abhishekam
Monthly Activities at TTD Temple
Sharava Maasam – Pavithrothsavaalu (3 Days)
Chaitra Maasam – Vasanthotsavaalu (3 Days)
Jaishta Maasam – Jaishta Abhishekaalu (3 Days)
Vaishaaka Maasam – Padmavathi Parinaya Utsavaalu (5 Days)
Yearly Activities at TTD Temple
Ashwayaja Maasam – Bramhotsavams (9 Days)
Day 1 – Dhwajarohanam
Welcoming the auspicious Bramhotsavams is Dhwajarohanam. On this day, the priests hoist holy flag containing the picture of Lord Garuda on the prime pillar called Dhawajasthambam. Then, a holy procession follows, carrying the deities of Lord Venkateshwara and his two wives, Sridevi and Bhoodevi. This procession is carried out around the temple, across 4 lanes that surround it.
Day 2 – Procession
On the second day, Lord Venkateshwara’s diety is taken for procession on a special chariot called Sheshavaahanam. In the evening, procession is carried out in another chariot called Hamsavaahanam.
Day 3 – Simhavaahanam
On the third day, Lord Malayappa Swamy is adorned with a special crown, called Vajrakachita Kireetam. Then, the holy deity is taken for a grand procession on Simhavaahanam. Later, the lord is taken on a special procession with two other Gods on a Rath (chariot) adorned with precious pearls.
Day 4 – Lord’s deity is taken on a procession, morning on Kalpavrikshaka Vaahanam and evening on Saayatra Sarvabhupaala Vaahanam.
Day 5 – Garudotsavam
The day 5 has elaborate proceedings. Morning starts with a ritual known as Mohini Avatara Utsavam. This ritual is done in a rich manner, with Lord mounted on a chariot made of ivory. The evening sees well known ritual called Garudotsavam, a colourful and exhaustive Puja flanked by thousands of worshippers. Every year, the Chief Minister of the State is known to carry a holy scarf called Shesha Vastram. He will then bring the cloth from Hanuman Temple to Lord’s shrine and offer the prayers on behalf of the state’s population.
Day 6 – Procession
The Lord is taken for procession again on two different chariots, morning on Hanumantha Vaahanam and, evening on Gajavaahanam.
Day 7 – Procession
Lord is taken for a procession on a chariot called SatyaPrabha Vaahanam
Day 8 – Pearl Adornment
Lord’s deity is adorned and decorated with precious pearls and taken on ChandraPrabha Vaahanam.
Day 9 – Radhotsavam
A grand fare, Lord’s chariot called Radham is pulled by thousands of devotees during the procession
Day 10 – Procession
The finale is concluded by a holy procession of the Lord Venkateshwara on Ashwa Vaahanam
Holy abode of Tirumala continues to nurture the lives of millions who visit the Lord in thousand everyday for blessings.