Tirumala Tirupati Devasthanam is known for its world famous pilgrimage, astute divine worship of Lord Venkateshwara and rich rituals offered to the lord filled with love, devotion, fragrance and color.
Chakrasnanam is one of the most important divine procedure undertaken in the sacred waters of Pushkarini. There are many facets to the ritual not known to the majority of the devotees.
We throw an extensive light on the ritual for your understanding and knowledge.
Tracking the origin of Chakra Snanam
Chakra Snanam, as the name suggests is the immersion of the Sudarshana Chakrattalwar (Disc weapon of the Lord) in the sacred waters of Swamy Pushkarini prior to sunrise. The holy weapon ‘Sudarshana’ possessing 108 serrated edges, as per Hindu mythology is used for the ultimate destruction of the enemy.
The holy bath with another name, Avabhrita Snanam, observed at the end of a Yagna is performed on four specific occasions throughout the year including Brahmotsavams, Mukkoti Dwadasi, Ratha Saptami and Ananta Padmanabha Vratam.
Sanctity Surrounding The ‘Snanam’
Besides Tirumala, the holy bath is practiced in all of TTD sub-shrines including Tiruchanoor, Appalayagunta, Srinivasa Mangapuram and Narayanavanam.
As a follow-up to Pallaki Utsavam and Churnabhishekam (bath in fragrant powders), the Lord alongside his consorts are taken on a procession to Sri Varaha Swamy temple on the west bank of Swamy Pushkarini.
With the priests uttering the Vedic chants and recitals of verses from scriptures, the devotees, chanting the ‘Govinda Namam’ during this ritual turn up in large numbers to take a dip in the Pushkarini waters in a bid to have their sins forgiven with the gesture.
Contexts Multiple, Essence, The Same
Chakrasanam in the context of Vaikuntha Dwadasi, also called “Mukkoti Dwadasi” is performed on the twelfth day during Dhanurmasa ( A month in which the sun enters the Sagittarius). The sacred water currents of three crore (Mukkoti) holy rivers including the Ganga, Yamuna and Cauvery confluence in the Pushkarani on this rarest of occasions.
Traditionally also performed on the ninth day of the Srivari Brahmotsavam, there’s a significant reason behind Chakra Snanam being an integral part of the Ratha Saptami.
It is believed that the practice of hosting a Brahmotsavam every month gave way to the Utsavam being performed only on a single day, also known as Eka Dina Brahmotsavam. This one-day-Utsavams then later prominently went on to be called as Ratha Saptami Utsavams, due to which the practice of Chakra Snanam wasn’t done away with.
Chakra Snanam, in connection with Sri Ananta Padmanabha Vratam, is no different in terms of the Chakrattalwar being taken for a celestial dip in the Swamy Pushkarini. This is however, followed by the holy threads (Vrata Deeksha Kankanam) being distributed to the Archakas (Pujaris) and other temple officials.
The ritual, in connection with Sri Ananta Padmanabha Vratam, is no different in terms of the Chakrattalwar being taken for a celestial dip in the Swamy Pushkarini. This is however, followed by the holy threads (Vrata Deeksha Kankanam) being distributed to the Archakas (pujaris) and other temple officials.