Five Important Facts About Ectopic Pregnancy

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Ectopic pregnancy is one of the most complicated types of pregnancy that leads to an eventual termination.

For those who have gone through the experience, this kind of pregnancy leaves a deep, harrowing impact on both mind and emotions. Ectopic pregnancy is one of the most complicated types of pregnancy that leads to an eventual termination.

Ectopic pregnancy occurs when a fertilized egg implants outside of the uterus. There’s no way that such a pregnancy can nurture the egg, and hence aborting remains to be the only option. Over 2 percent of pregnancies are ectopic.

Five important things to know about an ectopic pregnancy

1. What happens in an ectopic pregnancy?

After the process of conception, the fertilized egg travels down one of the Fallopian tubes on its way to the uterus. If the tubes are blocked or damaged, the egg fails to make it to its destination. This makes the egg to implant itself on the wall of the tube. This is the reason why an ectopic pregnancy is also referred to as a tubal pregnancy.

The fertilized egg can also implant itself in other areas, such as cervix, abdomen and even on a c section scar!!

2. Understand the symptoms of ectopic pregnancy

When women know the suspected signs and symptoms, they can take active precaution by consulting their gynecologist

Common symptoms

– Abdominal pain or a pelvic pain mostly occurring on the side. This pain can be sharp or severe and frequently recurring
– Vaginal spotting or bleeding (red to brown color)
– Shoulder pain – pain in the shoulder when you lie down. Needs immediate medical attention, as the cause is an internal bleeding
– Shock – this happens when there is a blood loss inside, causing shock in the form of weak or racing pulse, dizziness and fainting. You need to get to the emergency room in a hospital immediately.

3. Treatment for ectopic pregnancy

The treatment for ectopic pregnancy depends on the situation and the gamut of complication. Patient will be administered suitable drugs if the severity is not too extreme. If the patient is in sever pain or is already having an abdominal bleeding, the doctor will perform an emergency surgery. Decision to operate also depends on other factors such as breast feeding, allergic to relevant medication etc.

The embryo stuck in the wrong place is mostly removed with laparoscopic method if its small in size. If there is a profuse internal bleeding in the Fallopian tubes, they will have to be removed immediately. If the embryo is too large, patient will need laparotomy (larger incision made under general anesthesia)

If the woman is Rh negative, she will also need a shot of Rh immuno globulin

4. Getting pregnant again

Chances of getting pregnant again largely depend on the condition of the Fallopian tubes. If the tubes are less damaged and have been saved in time, you have greater chances of getting pregnant again. If one of the tube has been removed, you still have good chance because of the other tube being normal and functional. If both the tubes have been damaged and have been removed, you have very less chance for another pregnancy and higher possibility of more ectopic pregnancies.

You can opt for other methods like IVF to conceive again, in case you had suffered a massive damage and blood loss.

5. Life after ectopic pregnancy

Coping from the loss is hard, not to forget painful. While you are trying to cope from a devastating experience, you will also begin to nurse worries about conceiving again. Surgery often leaves one exhausted and subjected to severe mood swings because of the hormones. In such cases, one might even undergo depression.

It is important to give a sincere effort to recover both physically and emotionally from such an experience. Give yourself enough time to get better and attain sense of normalcy. You can also opt for good counselling that will enable you to put things in the right perspective. You may also experience relationship turmoil with your partner during this time. Be patient and work towards getting better and not bitter from the experience.

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