Built by the Eastern Chalukyas, Sri Golingeswara Swamy Temple of Lord Siva is one of the biggest temples in Andhra Pradesh. The temple has a wealth of iconographic material all around it, and a mighty beautiful Siva Lingam. The special feature being the 33 lines of Sasanam on the temple door jambs.
Located in the Biccavolu village of Kakinada in the East Godavari district, the temple boasts of rich Chalukyan heritage and reminiscence.
The temple’ striking Garbha Gruha (sanctum sanctorum), the Antaralas (passages), Mukha Mandapams (main halls) and the other Mandapams add up to the beauty of the temple. The entrance of Sri Golingeshwara Swamy Temple directly leads the pilgrims to the Mukha Mandapams.
Eastern Chalukyas in the 9th-10th century have been instrumental in the construction of these temples, which are a fine example of the architectural excellence reflecting true blue Dravidian style. A stone sculpture of Ganesha located in the village is also a masterpiece of the trademark Chalukyan craftsmanship.
The name Biccavolu comes from the ruler of Turupu Chalakya Vamsam, during the ruling period of 849-892 BC, when the kings have constructed number of important temples around the village.
Biccavolu is located in between Rajahmundry and Samalkot, and contains several important temples of the Eastern Chalukya period. The village is named after the king Gunaga Vijayaditya III.
The unique part about this temple is that it is comprised of three separate Siva temples inside. Let us take a look at three of these individual Siva temples with their own identity and idyllic appeal.
Siva Temple 1
The first temple of Lord Siva is situated on the outskirts of the Biccavolu village. It has the typical Eastern Chalukyan looks with similar features. The temple is famous for its Siva Lingam and the state of the art traditional Shaiva architecture.
Siva Temple 2
Another large part of Lord Siva’s famous temple is the second component. Here, the very sight of the Vimana (tower atop the Garbha Gudi) bears amazing resemblances with Pallava type of temple construction. Most of the sculptures, figurines and niches on the temple carvings are lintel reminders of the era’s glorious workmanship.
Siva Temple 3
Another popular part of the main temple that has been built by the Eastern Chalukyas in the fields of Biccavolu village. The sculptures, figurines and the iconographic motifs on this third temple make it one of the most visited temples in India.
Temples of Andhra Pradesh by AP Tourism
Author – Dr E Siva Nagi Reddy