Andhra dynasties have always been about chivalry and mighty leadership. From Pre to Post Satavahana period, many rulers have risen from various dynasties, setting great examples of able administration. And when we talk about the magnanimous imperial power back in history, Vishnukundina Empire comes first in the line.
The Samrajyam (kingdom) of Vishnukundinas was stretched out vast, both in terms of time periods as well as expanse. The dynasty that once controlled the Deccan, Orissa and various parts of Southern India reigned predominantly during the 5th and 6th centuries. The majestic Vishnukundina rulers took over from the Vakataka Empire and played a significant role in the Deccan history during this time frame.
Here are five absolutely magnanimous facts about the great Vishnukundina Empire that the present generation should know.
Was once the most valorous empire
Vishnukundina name has been said to be derived from the name Vinukonda. The reign that was established between the Salankayana era and the rise of eastern Chalukyas was ruled by some of the most valorous kings in the Indian history. Two very predominant names come to mind – Raja Madhava Varma and Raja Indra Varma. The latter is known to be the first ruler of the dynasty. Under the rule of highness Madhava Varma II, dynasty flourished in its full glory.
State of the Art, Modern Style Administration
Vishnukundina rulers believed in an organized administration that meted our clear expectations and outcomes. The total empire was said to be divided into two main categories – Rashtras and Vishayas. While Madhava Varma II’s period is said to be the golden one, all the kings hailing from this dynasty ran the highest court of appeal while administering justice. The kings were known for their fair sense of judgement and neutrality while making decisions.
Streamlined Fourfold Approach Army
Vishnukundinas were sticklers for system and methods. Even the army of the dynasty complied with the traditional four fold practice. Chariots, Elephants, Cavalry and Infantry – all of them had their ‘job descriptions’ well in place. The first officer in charge of the elephants was called Hastikosa while the one who oversaw land forces was titled as Virakosa. These officers were like second in command only to the king.
Fair Respect to Vaishnavas and Shaivas
Precisely the period when there was disrupt of opinions, devotion and self-assertion, the Vishnukundinas tackled the ongoing Vedic Brahmanism with great efficiency. They respected all the Brahmins and allowed for several rituals and ceremonies to be performed. The kings did not take sides and displayed equal importance to both Shaiva and Vaishnava practices. The rulers loved to learn and were known to have sound knowledge of the Vedas and inclination to Sanskrit language.
Compulsive Lovers of Art, Architecture and Literature
The great Vishnukundinas were mighty not only on the battlefield, but also on the learned front. Some of the kings, like Madhava Varma IV, were poets and writers. They love literature and embraced art with architecture. Vishnukundina kings have constructed many cave temples in dedication to Lord Shiva. The timeless four storeyed Undavalli Caves and 8 Cave Temples in Bhairavakonda are the live testimonials of the once grandiose empire and its tasteful rulers.