The AP government is all set to double the income from the farms in the next four years. To make this happen, they have already gone ahead and set a target to increase the productivity up to 4409 per hectare.
The government aims at doubling the income of the farmers in the next four years which will be instrumental in increasing the GSDP (Gross State Domestic Product) from INR31961 crore to INR 60000 crore by the fiscal year 2021-22.
The plan is to increase the food productivity to 4409kg per hectare. It should be noted that presently the food productivity per hectare is 2641kg. The government is actually formulating new techniques to make this happen.
If sources are to be believed, the government is actually planning to approach this agricultural income enhancement project as a mission, in order to realize its aim of doubling the agricultural income.
Recently a Socio Economic Survey was tabulated and presented in the assembly. This actually proposed a number of strategies that can be used to achieve the proposed target. In fact, the agricultural budget, which was presented by Minister of Agriculture Prathipati Pullarao, actually comprises of a number of these strategies.
According to the survey, the State government is operating in a mission mode and is aiming to acquire an agricultural productivity that would be easy to maintain through the coming years. They aim to do this by competing with other states that are performing better and plan to reduce the production cost and increase the net income of the farmers.
The government also has a plan to encourage diversification of crops. They plan to involve the small and medium sized farmers for this and plan to empower them by teaching them modern agricultural techniques like “local specific crop sequencing” and “intercropping”.
Another important strategy that has been put forth is to encourage poly cropping in rain fed areas to ensure that the farmers have a sustainable income even in dire circumstances like droughts.
The Pre-kharif sowing project to sow pulses has already been launched in the Krishna Delta and the NSP. According to Mr. Pullarao, the pre-kharif pulses were sown into 1.42 lakh acres of land in Prakasam and Guntur districts and these have displayed some great results. He added that in the coming Khraif season, they have planned to sow pulses in an additional 3 lakh acres of land.
Mr. Pullarao said that in order to enhance the productivity and income through agriculture they are also planning to enhance the cropping intensity in the five acres of land that lie in the Godavari delta by the technique of seasonal discipline.
Another major intervention that is being planned to enhance the agricultural productivity is farm mechanization. Under this program, farmers will be offered an incentive in the form of a subsidy of 50% to 70% on the farm equipments.
Further the government is stressing the Custom Hiring Centers to allow the tenant and small farmers, access to expensive farming equipments. According to the Minister of Agriculture, the government is planning to collaborate with primary manufacturers to launch 200 CHCs in 13 districts across the state. During a session of the Legislative Assembly, he has confessed to have spent INR286 crores for mechanization of farms in the year 2016-17.
Some other important strategies that were proposed by the Socio Economic Survey and were readily included in the agricultural budget are usage of fertilizers based on the results of soil testing, encouraging farmers to be self reliant when it comes to production of seeds, encouraging organic farming to meet the demands across the globe, training and increasing awareness by Polam Pilusthondi, teaching them about calamity management, using IoT to help the farmers and managing droughts by using Rain Guns.