The stage is set for the development of Amaravati, the new capital city of Andhra Pradesh. While the experts continue to outlay the promising scope ahead for the people’s capital, it is important to take a moment and analyse the current land coverage of Amaravati. There is a progressive tide ahead for Amaravati, considering the present land split and coverage on all counts.
It has to be inferred that Amaravati is a healthy balance with industrial base, land body, water body, forest body and the vast spread out agricultural expanse. Here, we decode the present scenario of the nascent capital city, what is present where and the kind of potential each sphere holds for the days ahead.
Existing Land Cover of Amaravati – A Healthy Balance
If one compares the proposed 2021 Land Use Plan for the VGTM area (now the capital city area) as against the current conditions, the urbanization as such has not taken place completely, while the density within the cities continues to grow at fast pace.
Only 7% of the Capital region area is classified under forest and water bodies, while a sizeable 81% of the land is under agricultural use. The remaining 11% comprises of potential industrial base, mining base, barren wasteland and scrubland.
Forest Areas In The Capital Region
Kondaveedu, Kondapalli, Kotturu and other small hills
Industrial Base In The Capital Region
Ibrahimpatnam, Vijayawada and Guntur. Minor quarrying activities in Kondapalli and Kondaveedu forests.
Split up of Land Use Land Cover in Amaravati (Current Specs)
Advantages from the current Land Cover in Amaravati
- A considerable expanse of land (81%) is under agricultural use, and offers large scale opportunities for the growth of high value agro based economy.
- The Industrial base that is pre existing in the parts of Guntur and Vijayawada can be developed exponentially post the formation of capital city areas
There needs to be a great care taken to protect all the natural preserves of hills, forests and agriculture. This will call for demographically inclined urbanization and expansion towards Guntur district.
Development Density In The Capital Region
Here are the existing specs of the development density in the prime VGTM region (new capital region)
The existing hierarchy of settlements within the capital region as per the URDPFI guidelines is as below:
1 Metropolis – Vijayawada
1 Large City – Guntur
9 Medium Towns – Gudivada, Tenali, Mangalagiri, Gollapudi, Tadepalli, Sattenapalle, Ponnur, Nuzvid and Kannuru
291 Small Towns and Villages
Key Observations In The Capital Region As Per The Prevailing Scenario
- With the growing industrial and commercial activities, the population within Vijayawada has increased rapidly, taking over the nearby suburbs such as Tadepalli and Gollapudi. These towns have now become medium sized geographic dwellings.
- Areas surrounding the Guntur City have also grown into smaller towns with racing population.
- Medium sized towns like Gudivada, Tenali and Ponnur are located directly in the Delta region.
- Amaravati shows linear development with respect to the transport corridors, presenting key nodes.
The present Gross Density of the capital region is currently 735 persons per square kilometer. On the other hand, the current gross density of Vijayawada alone is 18,000 persons per sq kilometer. This is above the desirable norm.
Alternative decentralized strategies have to be explored and enforced to balance the scant population percentage of the main capital region as against the booming numbers in Vijayawada. What was projected as a target population for Vijayawada by 2021 has already crossed the mark in 2014. (16.4 Lakh). This kind of density is even higher as compared to even the most highly populated Asian cities like Seoul and Singapore.